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Progression in PSE

Personal and Social Education

Progression in PSE

The promotion of personal and social development and well being is consistent across learning experiences for all 3 to 19-year-olds in Wales.

Personal and Social Development, Well-Being and Cultural Diversity in the Foundation Phase

Personal and Social Development, Well-Being and Cultural Diversity is at the heart of the Foundation Phase and children’s skills are developed across all areas of learning through participating in experiential learning activities indoors and outdoors. Children learn about themselves, their relationships with other children and adults, both within and beyond the family. They are encouraged to develop their self-esteem, their personal beliefs and moral values. They develop an understanding that others have differing needs, abilities, beliefs and views. The Foundation Phase supports the cultural identity of all children, to celebrate different cultures and help children recognise and gain a positive awareness of their own and other cultures. Positive attitudes should be developed to enable children to become increasingly aware of, and appreciate the value of, the diversity of cultures and languages that exist in a multi-cultural Wales. They should become increasingly aware of the traditions and celebrations that are important aspects of the cultures within Wales.

Motivation and commitment to learning is encouraged, as children begin to understand their own potential and capabilities. Children are supported in becoming confident, competent and independent thinkers and learners. They develop an awareness of their environment and learn about the diversity of people who live and work there. Positive attitudes for enjoying and caring for their environment are fostered. As their self-identity develops, children begin to express their feelings and to empathise with others. They experience challenges that extend their learning.

PSE at Key Stage 2

At Key Stage 2 learners build on the skills, knowledge and understanding, attitudes and values they have started to acquire and develop at Foundation Phase.

PSE offers learning opportunities and experiences which reflect the increased independence and physical and social awareness of learners. They need to be equipped with the skills to develop effective relationships, assume greater personal responsibility and keep themselves safe. PSE assists learners to cope with the changes at puberty, introduces them to a wider world and enables them to make an active contribution to their communities.

PSE at Key Stage 3

At Key Stage 3 learners build on the skills, knowledge and understanding, attitudes and values they have acquired and developed at Key Stage 2.

PSE acknowledges and addresses the changes that learners are experiencing, beginning with transition to secondary school and the challenges of adolescence. Learners are equipped with the skills which will enable them to acquire greater self-assurance. They are encouraged to manage diverse relationships in society and cope with the increasing influence of peer pressure and the media. This allows them to be more confident in addressing the challenges of active citizenship and effective learning.

PSE at Key Stage 4

At Key Stage 4 learners build on the skills, knowledge and understanding, attitudes and values they have acquired and developed at Key Stage 3.

PSE reflects the fact that learners are moving towards an independent role in adult life, taking on greater responsibility for themselves and others. Learners are equipped with the skills to manage changing situations with increased confidence and to become financially capable. PSE enables learners to develop a critical awareness of local and global contemporary issues and to participate within their communities as active citizens in the twenty first century.

PSE for post-16 learners

Post-16 PSE provision acknowledges the independence of learners and enables them to set and achieve personal goals in terms of education and training. They should accept readily responsibility for personal and social development and well-being and have an increasing awareness of self-identity. PSE equips learners to be resourceful, financially literate, informed citizens who are willing to participate for the benefit of their communities both locally and globally.

Related Welsh Government policies, regulations and guidance

Personal and Social Development, Well-Being and Cultural Diversity (external link) 

Related Links

The PSE framework provides the foundation for a broad, balanced holistic approach to PSE.