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Key stage learning outcomes

Personal and Social Education

Key stage learning outcomes

Key Stage 2

Learners should be given opportunities to:

  • explore their personal values
  • be honest and fair and have respect for rules, the law and authority

and to understand:

  • how cultural values and religious beliefs shape the way people live
  • that people differ in what they believe is right and wrong
  • that personal actions have consequences.

Key Stage 3

Learners should be given opportunities to:

  • develop an insight into their values
  • show sensitivity to the values of others

and to understand:

  • what they believe to be right and wrong actions and the moral dilemmas involved in life situations
  • their beliefs in the context of those in society.

Key Stage 4

Learners should be given opportunities to:

  • consider questions and issues involving the meaning and purpose of life

and to understand:

  • how beliefs and values affect personal identity and lifestyle
  • the factors involved in making moral judgements
  • the range of values and principles by which people live.

Post-16

Learners should be given opportunities to:

  • develop a consistent set of personal values and have the confidence to apply these in practice

and to understand:

  • the concept of moral responsibility and the need for shared values
  • the moral and ethical problems faced by society and individuals and reflect upon how such issues may be resolved
  • the moral, social, ethical and environmental implications of scientific discoveries and technological development.

Related Links

The PSE framework provides the foundation for a broad, balanced holistic approach to PSE.