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Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD)

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  • Release date: 12 November 2014
  • Period covered: 2014
  • Next update: 26 November 2014
WIMD is the official measure of relative deprivation for small areas in Wales. It is designed to identify those small areas where there are the highest concentrations of several different types of deprivation.

WIMD 2014

WIMD 2014 will be published on 26 November 2014, using more up-to-date data and improved indicators based on lessons learnt from the production of previous Indexes.

A link to the consultation document and additional technical papers can be found under 'Background information'.

About WIMD

Deprivation is the lack of access to opportunities and resources which we might expect in our society. WIMD is a measure of multiple deprivation that is both an area-based measure and a measure of relative deprivation.

WIMD is currently made up of eight separate domains (or types) of deprivation:

  • income
  • employment
  • health
  • education
  • geographical access to services
  • community safety
  • physical environment
  • housing.

Each domain is compiled from a range of different indicators.

Uses of WIMD

  • Comparing overall deprivation ranks for each small area or a group of them (like those in a Local Authority), so that they can be put in order from the most to the least deprived.
  • Comparing ranks among the separate domains of deprivation for the small areas.
  • Comparing two or more local authorities (or other groups of aggregated small areas) by looking at the proportion of the small areas in the Local Authority in the most deprived (say) ten per cent in all of Wales.
  • By using the underlying indicator data (although not the WIMD rankings themselves) it is possible to analyse change over time (published on StatsWales).

Although a ranking system such as WIMD cannot be used for monitoring change over time, it is possible to analyse change over time by looking at the underlying indicator data (published on StatsWales).


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