Report by the Commission on Devolution in Wales »We hope that this Report will give us the foundation for a fundamental reform of the devolution settlement.Learn more »
More Welsh companies winning major public sector contracts, Jane Hutt reveals
More Welsh companies are winning major public sector contracts in Wales thanks to action being taken by the Welsh Government to simplify the procurement process.
- Minister asks farmers to have their say on EIDCymru
- Play to highlight Modern Slavery issues to AMs
Featured Article »Landmark social care Bill completes stage 3 scrutiny
- More Welsh companies winning major public sector contracts, Jane Hutt reveals
In this section
- Business and economy
- Children and young people
- Culture and sport
- Education and skills
- Environment and countryside
- Equality and diversity
- Health and social care
- Consultation on the Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Play Opportunities
- EIDCymru: an electronic movement reporting system for sheep and goats - the identification of sheep and the current slaughter derogation
- Achieving high standards together - a new framework for animal health and welfare in Wales
- Revising the national framework for Continuing NHS Healthcare (CHC)
- Phase 1 - Draft Report: Review of Audit, Inspection and Regulation
- Statutory Guidance to the Independent Remuneration Panel for Wales in relation to the salaries of Local Authority Chief Executives
Featured consultation »A new framework for animal health and welfare in Wales
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Section highlightThe Housing (Wales) Bill
The Bill will introduce significant improvements across the housing sector to ensure that people have access to a decent, affordable home and better housing-related services.
Legislative programme 2013 - 2014 »
The First Minister detailed the 8 bills in the Welsh Government’s 5-year Legislative Programme that will be brought forward during the 3rd year of the Welsh Assembly.Learn more »
Section highlightProject pipeline update - December 2013
This Wales Infrastructure Investment Plan annex highlights planned investments and potential procurement opportunities.
2nd Supplementary Budget 2013-14 »
The 2nd Supplementary Budget proposes a number of changes to the 1st Supplementary Budget for 2013-14, which was published on 25 June 2013.Learn more »
- Statistics & Research
Deprivation is a wider concept than poverty. Poverty means a lack of money. Deprivation refers to wider problems caused by a lack of resources and opportunities. Therefore, WIMD is constructed from eight different types of deprivation. These are:
- access to services
- community safety
- physical environment.
Lower-Layer Super Output Areas
Wales is divided into 1,896 Lower-Layer Super Output Areas (LSOA) each having about 1,500 people. Deprivation ranks have been worked out for each of these areas: the most deprived LSOA is ranked 1, and the least deprived 1,896. One area has a higher deprivation rank than another if the proportion of people living there who are classed as deprived is higher. An area itself is not deprived: it is the circumstances and lifestyles of the people living there that affect its deprivation rank. And it is important to remember that not everyone living in a deprived area is deprived—and that not all deprived people live in deprived areas.
How WIMD is used
WIMD is suited to uses where the interest is in areas with high concentrations of deprivation. It is used to:
- give an overall deprivation rank for each of the 1,896 LSOAs in Wales
- give ranks for the separate deprivation domains for each of the LSOAs
- compare the deprivation ranks for two or more of the LSOAs
- compare two or more local authorities (or other groups of LSOAs) by looking at the proportion of the LSOAs in the local authority in the most deprived (say) ten per cent in all of Wales.
The index cannot be used to:
- monitor change over time
- say how much more deprived one area is than another
- aggregate to different geographies by taking an average of the ranks of the LSOAs which make up that geography.
An error was identified in the WIMD 2012 indicators affecting the low birth weight indicator. This does not affect WIMD 2011 or any other indicators. The error was due to the incorrect supply of data. These indicators were corrected on 25 February 2014.
An error was identified in the 2011 indicators affecting the death rate (standardised per 100,000 population). This does not affect the Health domain, main index or LSOA ndicator values, only those indicators at higher aggregated levels. These indicators were corrected on 12 December 2011.
A small error was identified in the 2011 indicators, affecting youth and adult offending rates only. This did not affect the community safety domain, main index or LSOA indicator values, only those indicators at higher aggregated levels. These indicators were corrected on 22 November 2011.
Statement on update to WIMD and Child Index
We have determined clear benefits in delaying publication of the next WIMD update, including the Child Index, beyond 2013, with 2014 providing the most optimal date.
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