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Welsh Index of Multiple Deprivation (WIMD)

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  • Release date: 31 August 2011
  • Period covered: 2011
  • Next update: November 2014
WIMD is the official measure of relative deprivation for small areas in Wales. It is designed to identify those small areas where there are the highest concentrations of several different types of deprivation.

WIMD 2014

The latest Index was published in 2011. An updated Index will be published in November 2014, using more up-to-date data and improved indicators based on lessons learnt from the production of previous Indexes.

Information on dissemination plans for WIMD 2014 and additional technical papers can be found under 'Background information'.

About WIMD

Deprivation is the lack of access to opportunities and resources which we might expect in our society. WIMD is a measure of multiple deprivation that is both an area-based measure and a measure of relative deprivation.

WIMD is currently made up of eight separate domains (or types) of deprivation:

  • income
  • employment
  • health
  • education
  • geographical access to services
  • community safety
  • physical environment
  • housing.

Each domain is compiled from a range of different indicators.

Uses of WIMD

  • Give an overall deprivation rank for each of the small areas in Wales.
  • Give ranks for the separate deprivation domains for each of the small areas.
  • Compare the deprivation ranks for two or more of the small areas.
  • Compare two or more local authorities (or other groups of areas) by looking at the proportion of the small areas in the local authority in the most deprived (say) ten per cent in all of Wales.

Although a ranking system such as WIMD cannot be used for monitoring change over time, it is possible to analyse change over time by looking at the underlying indicator data published on StatsWales.


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