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Foundation Phase

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This guide will explain what your child will learn through the Foundation Phase.

The statutory curriculum for all 3 to 7 year old children in Wales in both maintained and non-maintained settings.

The Foundation Phase is based on the principle that early years' provision should offer a sound foundation for future learning through a developmentally appropriate curriculum.

It brings more consistency and continuity to children’s education at such an important period in their development.

The framework (external link) sets out the seven Areas of Learning. These outline what a child should be taught and their expected outcomes.

Children will be given more opportunities to understand how things work by taking part in practical activities that are relevant to their developmental stage. They are challenged with open-ended questions and given opportunities to explore and share their ideas for solving problems.

They will be given time to develop their speaking and listening skills and to become confident in their reading and writing abilities.

Mathematics will be more practical so that children can see how problems are solved and how important it is in their everyday lives.

The curriculum will focus on learning from experiences, active involvement and developing each child's:

  • creative, expressive and observational skills to encourage their development as individuals
  • personal, social, emotional, physical and intellectual well being to develop the whole child
  • positive attitudes to learning so that they enjoy it and want to continue
  • self-esteem and self-confidence to experiment, investigate, learn new things and form new relationships
  • activities in the outdoors where they have first-hand experience of solving real-life problems and learn about conservation and sustainability.

A series of guidance documents have been developed to support the implementation of the Foundation Phase. These documents along with related key information, approaches and research can now be found on the Learning Wales website (external link).