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Animal by-products

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Premises that receive, handle, use, treat or destroy animal by products must be approved. Approval is made under the Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (No. 2) (Wales) Regulations 2011.

Revised EU Animal By-Product (ABP) Regulations came into force on 4 March 2011. The new ABP Regulation (EC No. 1069/2009 and its accompanying Implementing Regulation (EC) 142/2011) updates the current rules. It continues to have a very wide scope covering all animal products including meat, fish, milk and eggs when they are not intended for human consumption. Other products of animal origin including hides, feathers, wool, bones, horns, and hoofs are included. It also covers carcases of fallen stock on farms, pet animals, and wild animals where they are suspected of being diseased.

In Wales these Regulations will be administered and enforced by the Animal By-Products (Enforcement) (No. 2) (Wales) Regulations 2011.

The main changes brought in by the EU regulations are as follows:

  • Categories of ABPs. Mostly, material that was Category 2, such as aquatic invertebrates, are being reclassified as Category 3 and may be used for certain feeding purposes.
  • The home composting exception will be extended.
  • Validation of rendering plants will be carried out by plant operators with supervision by Animal Health.
  • Rendering plants will be able to use tallow as fuel (Animal Health will have to approve as a separate plant).

There will also be a relaxation of controls on certain ABPs, eg:

  • food manufacturers or retailers who generate small quantities of raw ABP waste (i.e. less than 20kg per week of low-risk Category 3 food waste such as raw meat and fish) can now also dispose of this outside of the ABP controls
  • use of certain ABPs, e.g. colostrum and unprocessed wool
  • application of certain ABPs to the land, e.g. shellfish shells and egg shells
  • disposal of ABPs arising from surgical intervention or birth of animals on farm
  • provision for the possibility of on farm containment of fallen stock.


Several types of activity will need to be registered – including the work of ABP hauliers and pet cemeteries. All plants that are currently approved will continue to be approved when the enforcement regulations come into force. If you need to be registered or require further information on the registration process, please contact your local Animal Health Veterinary Laboratory Agency (AHVLA) office (external link).

For more detailed guidance on permitted uses, and on conditions for storage, handling, transporting, and processing ABPs, please visit the Animal Health Veterinary Laboratory A gency (external link).

For further information about the safe disposal of animal waste and fallen stock, please contact:

Office of the Chief Veterinary Officer
Welsh Government
Hill House
Picton Terrace
SA31 3BS

or your local AHVLA Regional Office.

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