Green Growth Wales »The proposed Green Growth Wales fund aims to increase and accelerate projects to deliver green investment in Wales.Learn more »
Jane Hutt welcomes £2bn EU funding for Wales
The announcement of £2bn of EU funding for Wales over the next seven years is good news for Wales and will have a real impact on the Welsh economy, says Finance Minister.
- New report sees progress being made in tackling substance misuse
- First Minister begins visit to strengthen links with India
- Jane Hutt welcomes £2bn EU funding for Wales
In this section
- Business and economy
- Children and young people
- Culture and sport
- Education and skills
- Environment and countryside
- Equality and diversity
- Health and social care
- Review of the existing policy on disposal of higher activity radioactive waste
- Human Transplantation (Wales) Act 2013: new regulations
- National Training Framework on gender-based violence, domestic abuse and sexual violence
- Travelling to better health
- Agricultural Sector (Wales) Act 2014: Consultation on the Agricultural Advisory Panel for Wales
- Child performance regulations: when children can take part in performances and the breaks they must have
Section highlightHousing (Wales) Act 2014The Act introduces significant improvements across the housing sector to ensure that people have access to a decent, affordable home and better housing-related services.
Legislative programme 2014 - 2015 »
Bills that the Welsh Government will bring forward in 2014/2015.Learn more »
Section highlightWales for Africa grant
The Wales for Africa grant supports projects that build mutually beneficial links between Wales and Sub-Saharan Africa.
Draft Budget 2015-16 »
The amount of funding allocated to Welsh Government Departments for 2015-16 is £15·3bn.Learn more »
- Statistics & Research
Upcoming calendar »
See the schedule for all statistics and research releases.View upcoming calendar »
African Horse Sickness
Background to the disease
African Horse Sickness (AHS) is a disease that is spread by midges. Dogs have been known to be infected by eating infected horsemeat. It has never occurred in the UK, but is found in Southern Africa. An outbreak occurred in Spain relatively recently, which was associated with the import of infected zebras from Africa.
The spread of disease is influenced by climatic conditions including warm, moist weather and high rainfall, which favour the spread of carrier insects (such as midges) as well as spread by wind dispersal.
The clinical signs seen are dependent upon what form of the disease is present:
- in the most acute form, which has a short incubation period of only three to five days, affected horses have a high fever, severely laboured breathing, coughing and profuse discharge from the nostrils. The mortality rate is very high with up to 95% of horses dying within a week
- in the cardiac form of the disease, which has an incubation period of from seven to fourteen days, swellings are present over the head and eyelids, lips, cheeks and under the jaw. The mortality rate is around 60 per cent and death results from heart failure
- the mixed form of the disease is a combination of the above two types. It has an incubation period of from five to seven days and the disease shows itself initially by mild respiratory signs followed by the typical swellings of the cardiac form
- horse sickness fever is the mildest form, characterised by a fever with low temperatures in the morning rising to a high peak in the afternoon.
If you suspect signs of any of African Horse Sickness you must immediately notify your local Animal Health Veterinary Laboratories Agency Office (external link).
No vaccine for AHS is currently licensed in the European Union (EU). Use of a modified live vaccine for AHS (such as the one being produced by Onderstepoort Biological Products Ltd in South Africa) carries a risk of vaccine virus reversion to wild type. This means that the virus used in the vaccine could potentially undergo changes whereby it could actually infect the carrier insects and, subsequently, susceptible horses. Currently the vaccine will not be considered for use in the UK other than in an emergency situation.
African Horse Sickness (Wales) Regulations 2013
The African Horse Sickness (Wales) Regulations 2013 (external link) will only be used during an outbreak or suspected outbreak of African Horse Sickness (AHS). The risk of an AHS outbreak in GB is considered to be low. However, recent outbreaks of Bluetongue and Schmallenberg have demonstrated the risk posed by animal diseases spread by Cullicoides midges. Similar regulations are already in force in England and Scotland.