Report by the Commission on Devolution in Wales »We hope that this Report will give us the foundation for a fundamental reform of the devolution settlement.Learn more »
More Welsh companies winning major public sector contracts, Jane Hutt reveals
More Welsh companies are winning major public sector contracts in Wales thanks to action being taken by the Welsh Government to simplify the procurement process.
- Minister asks farmers to have their say on EIDCymru
- Play to highlight Modern Slavery issues to AMs
Featured Article »Landmark social care Bill completes stage 3 scrutiny
- More Welsh companies winning major public sector contracts, Jane Hutt reveals
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- Business and economy
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- Equality and diversity
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- Consultation on the Statutory Guidance on Securing Sufficient Play Opportunities
- EIDCymru: an electronic movement reporting system for sheep and goats - the identification of sheep and the current slaughter derogation
- Achieving high standards together - a new framework for animal health and welfare in Wales
- Revising the national framework for Continuing NHS Healthcare (CHC)
- Phase 1 - Draft Report: Review of Audit, Inspection and Regulation
- Statutory Guidance to the Independent Remuneration Panel for Wales in relation to the salaries of Local Authority Chief Executives
Featured consultation »A new framework for animal health and welfare in Wales
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Section highlightThe Housing (Wales) Bill
The Bill will introduce significant improvements across the housing sector to ensure that people have access to a decent, affordable home and better housing-related services.
Legislative programme 2013 - 2014 »
The First Minister detailed the 8 bills in the Welsh Government’s 5-year Legislative Programme that will be brought forward during the 3rd year of the Welsh Assembly.Learn more »
Section highlightProject pipeline update - December 2013
This Wales Infrastructure Investment Plan annex highlights planned investments and potential procurement opportunities.
2nd Supplementary Budget 2013-14 »
The 2nd Supplementary Budget proposes a number of changes to the 1st Supplementary Budget for 2013-14, which was published on 25 June 2013.Learn more »
- Statistics & Research
Foot and Mouth Disease
Among farmed animals cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and deer are affected. Any wild cloven-footed animals can also contract it and carry infection.
Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is caused by a virus of which there are seven main types. Each produces clinical signs that are very similar and the types are only distinguishable in a laboratory. A very small quantity of virus is capable of infecting an animal and the disease can spread rapidly if uncontrolled. The disease can spread on the boots, clothing and even the hands of a stockman who has handled diseased animals. Roads may also become contaminated and virus may be picked up and carried on the wheels of passing vehicles.
After being free of FMD since 1968, Great Britain suffered a return of the disease in 2001. FMD was confirmed first in England on 20 February 2001. The first case in Wales was in Anglesey on 27 February 2001. The entire outbreak lasted for 221 days and had a devastating impact on the farming industry, rural community and the wider economy across the UK. The UK was officially declared disease free on 22 January 2002.
FMD was again confirmed in GB on 3 August 2007 and lasted for 58 days. The 2007 FMD outbreak was confined to a relatively small area of south-east England. The UK was declared officially disease free on 22 February 2008.
FMD is currently endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, South America and the Middle East. Sporadic outbreaks have occurred in previously disease-free areas with Bulgaria most recently suffering an outbreak in Europe in 2011. For the latest news on FMD around the world please visit the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) website (external link).
The early reporting of any suspicion of disease is vital. If you suspect that any of your animals has FMD you should immediately contact your local Animal Health Veterinary Laboratories Agency office (external link).