Report by the Commission on Devolution in Wales »We hope that this Report will give us the foundation for a fundamental reform of the devolution settlement.Learn more »
Jobs Growth Wales ends its second year on a high: Nearly 10,000 job opportunities filled and counting
Deputy Minister for Skills and Technology, Ken Skates, has welcomed latest figures showing Jobs Growth Wales has now created over 12,400 job opportunities, with 9,700 young people filling these jobs.
- Hi-tech system developed in Wales designed to support clinical trials for cell therapy and regenerative medicine
- Lord Mayor of London hears of compelling proposition to attract financial and professional services firms to Wales
Featured Article »Landmark social care Bill passes National Assembly scrutiny
- Jobs Growth Wales ends its second year on a high: Nearly 10,000 job opportunities filled and counting
In this section
- Business and economy
- Children and young people
- Culture and sport
- Education and skills
- Environment and countryside
- Equality and diversity
- Health and social care
- Proposals concerning the publication of Sustainable Development Indicators statistical outputs
- Consultation on the regulations to introduce a new Firefighters’ Pension Scheme in Wales from April 2015
- Onshore oil exploration activities: integrated pollution prevention and control
- Statutory Guidance to the Independent Remuneration Panel for Wales in relation to the salaries of Local Authority Chief Executives
- Consultation on the findings of the report on the Impact and Effect of the Non-Domestic Rating (Definition of Domestic Property) (Wales) Order 2010.
- Achieving high standards together - a new framework for animal health and welfare in Wales
Featured consultation »Curriculum for Wales: Phase 1 - revised literacy and numeracy arrangements
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Section highlightThe Housing (Wales) Bill
The Bill will introduce significant improvements across the housing sector to ensure that people have access to a decent, affordable home and better housing-related services.
Legislative programme 2013 - 2014 »
The First Minister detailed the 8 bills in the Welsh Government’s 5-year Legislative Programme that will be brought forward during the 3rd year of the Welsh Assembly.Learn more »
Section highlightProject pipeline update - December 2013
This Wales Infrastructure Investment Plan annex highlights planned investments and potential procurement opportunities.
2nd Supplementary Budget 2013-14 »
The 2nd Supplementary Budget proposes a number of changes to the 1st Supplementary Budget for 2013-14, which was published on 25 June 2013.Learn more »
- Statistics & Research
Swine Vesicular Disease
In this section you can find out more information on Swine Vesicular Disease, including clinical signs, control and prevention.
Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD) is a contagious, notifiable viral disease of pigs. SVD was first diagnosed in 1966 in Italy and the first outbreak in Great Britain (GB) was in 1972. 532 cases involving a total of 322,081 pigs were confirmed before the disease was eradicated from GB in 1982.
SVD has persisted in Italy, where it is now considered endemic, meaning that the disease is always present in the area. The rest of Europe is free from the disease apart from one case in Portugal reported in June 2007.
The clinical signs for SVD are indistinguishable from Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) in pigs. FMD is caused by a totally different virus which can also affect cloven hoofed animals. The incubation period of SVD is typically between two and seven days. A transient fever of up to 41 degrees Centigrade is followed by vesicles (blisters) developing on the coronary band (typically at the junction with the heel). Signs can vary according to:
- the age of the pigs affected;
- the conditions under which they are kept; and
- the strain of SVD virus involved.
The disease usually appears suddenly but does not spread as quickly as FMD. Mortality is low but in acute cases there can be some loss of production. In the initial stages there is fever and a transient loss of appetite. Lameness develops due to the eruption of vesicles at the top of the hooves and between the toes. Vesicles may also develop on the snout, tongue and lips. The surface under the vesicles is red and this gradually changes colour as healing develops. When severe vesication has occurred at the hoof head, the entire hoof may be subsequently shed.
Recovery is usually complete within two to three weeks. Younger animals are more severely affected, although mortality due to SVD is rare.
Control and prevention
There are strict controls in place to prevent infected pigs being imported into the UK. Causes of infection include other recently infected pigs and also potentially from waste food feeding. Feeding food waste containing animal products to pigs is illegal in the UK. Pig keepers should be vigilant to ensure pigs are not inadvertently given access to waste food containing animal products.
There is no vaccine for SVD.
Once indentified the disease would be dealt with in the same way as FMD, i.e. slaughter of infected herds and thorough cleansing and disinfection.
This is a Notifiable Disease. If you suspect that an animal has SVD, you must report it to your local Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) office immediately:
North Wales: 01286 674144 (Night line: 01286 674144)
South Wales: 01267 245400 (Night line: 07000 780144)