Help to Buy – Wales Shared Equity Scheme »This shared equity loan will make up the shortfall between the purchase price of a property and the funding available to buyers through their cash deposit and mortgage offer.Learn more »
“Draft Wales Bill an important step forward” – Jane Hutt
Finance Minister Jane Hutt today welcomed the publication of the draft Wales Bill and said it was an important step forward towards Wales acquiring new financial powers.
- Welsh Government supports £7.5million investment in Ceredigion that will create 200 jobs
- New Common Agricultural Policy: Minister makes first in series of important decisions for Wales
- “Draft Wales Bill an important step forward” – Jane Hutt
In this section
- Business and economy
- Children and young people
- Culture and sport
- Education and skills
- Environment and countryside
- Equality and diversity
- Health and social care
- Public consultation on legislative changes affecting ambulance services in Wales
- Assisted Areas in Great Britain 2014-2020 - Stage 2
- Changes to the Glass Packaging Recycling Target to 2017
- Our Qualifications - Our Future: Consultation on proposals to establish a new qualifications body for Wales
- The Public Service Workforce
Featured consultation »New guidance for the Risk Assessment of Walked Routes to School
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In this section
Section highlightThe Housing (Wales) Bill
The Bill will introduce significant improvements across the housing sector to ensure that people have access to a decent, affordable home and better housing-related services.
Legislative programme 2013 - 2014 »
The First Minister detailed the 8 bills in the Welsh Government’s 5-year Legislative Programme that will be brought forward during the 3rd year of the Welsh Assembly.Learn more »
Section highlightProject pipeline update - December 2013
This Wales Infrastructure Investment Plan annex highlights planned investments and potential procurement opportunities.
Final Budget 2014-15 »
The amount of funding allocated to Welsh Government Departments for 2014-15 is £14.9bn.Learn more »
- Statistics & Research
Swine Vesicular Disease
In this section you can find out more information on Swine Vesicular Disease, including clinical signs, control and prevention.
Swine Vesicular Disease (SVD) is a contagious, notifiable viral disease of pigs. SVD was first diagnosed in 1966 in Italy and the first outbreak in Great Britain (GB) was in 1972. 532 cases involving a total of 322,081 pigs were confirmed before the disease was eradicated from GB in 1982.
SVD has persisted in Italy, where it is now considered endemic, meaning that the disease is always present in the area. The rest of Europe is free from the disease apart from one case in Portugal reported in June 2007.
The clinical signs for SVD are indistinguishable from Foot-and-Mouth Disease (FMD) in pigs. FMD is caused by a totally different virus which can also affect cloven hoofed animals. The incubation period of SVD is typically between two and seven days. A transient fever of up to 41 degrees Centigrade is followed by vesicles (blisters) developing on the coronary band (typically at the junction with the heel). Signs can vary according to:
- the age of the pigs affected;
- the conditions under which they are kept; and
- the strain of SVD virus involved.
The disease usually appears suddenly but does not spread as quickly as FMD. Mortality is low but in acute cases there can be some loss of production. In the initial stages there is fever and a transient loss of appetite. Lameness develops due to the eruption of vesicles at the top of the hooves and between the toes. Vesicles may also develop on the snout, tongue and lips. The surface under the vesicles is red and this gradually changes colour as healing develops. When severe vesication has occurred at the hoof head, the entire hoof may be subsequently shed.
Recovery is usually complete within two to three weeks. Younger animals are more severely affected, although mortality due to SVD is rare.
Control and prevention
There are strict controls in place to prevent infected pigs being imported into the UK. Causes of infection include other recently infected pigs and also potentially from waste food feeding. Feeding food waste containing animal products to pigs is illegal in the UK. Pig keepers should be vigilant to ensure pigs are not inadvertently given access to waste food containing animal products.
There is no vaccine for SVD.
Once indentified the disease would be dealt with in the same way as FMD, i.e. slaughter of infected herds and thorough cleansing and disinfection.
This is a Notifiable Disease. If you suspect that an animal has SVD, you must report it to your local Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency (AHVLA) office immediately:
North Wales: 01286 674144 (Night line: 01286 674144)
South Wales: 01267 245400 (Night line: 07000 780144)