Help to Buy – Wales Shared Equity Scheme »This shared equity loan will make up the shortfall between the purchase price of a property and the funding available to buyers through their cash deposit and mortgage offer.Learn more »
Tunnels investment to improve A55 resilience
Major improvements in the resilience and safety of the A55 will be carried out over the next three years as a result of capital investment by the Welsh Government.
- Jobs Growth Wales reaches record high
- Building a world class qualifications system for Wales
- Tunnels investment to improve A55 resilience
- Local authority environmental permitting fees and charges 2014-2015
- Alternatives to Waste Transfer Notes and other aspects of Waste Regulation
- Proposals concerning the publication of official statistics
- Beyond 2011: Consultation on Census and future provision of population statistics in England and Wales
- M4 Corridor around Newport Consultation
- Undertaking fatal and non-fatal drug poisoning reviews in Wales
Featured consultation »New guidance for the Risk Assessment of Walked Routes to School
58 days left
In this section
Section highlightThe Housing (Wales) Bill
The Bill will introduce significant improvements across the housing sector to ensure that people have access to a decent, affordable home and better housing-related services.
Legislative programme 2013 - 2014 »
The First Minister detailed the 8 bills in the Welsh Government’s 5-year Legislative Programme that will be brought forward during the 3rd year of the Welsh Assembly.Learn more »
Section highlightProject pipeline update - December 2013
This Wales Infrastructure Investment Plan annex highlights planned investments and potential procurement opportunities.
Final Budget 2014-15 »
The amount of funding allocated to Welsh Government Departments for 2014-15 is £14.9bn.Learn more »
- Statistics & Research
Upcoming calendar »
See the schedule for all statistics and research releases.
What is the European Union?
The European Union (EU) is a unique partnership of 27 countries committed to work closely together for the benefit of all their citizens for peace and prosperity.
The origins of the EU are rooted in the desire for peace in Europe after the two World Wars. 6 countries (Belgium, France, West Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands) felt that industrial cooperation held the key to peace and created the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951. This developed significantly in 1957 when these founder members created the European Economic Community (EEC) which aimed to create a common market with free movement of goods, services, capital and labour. The EEC underwent a further transformation in 1992 to become the European Union.
From humble origins based on industrial cooperation the EU developed to include a customs union, a common agricultural policy, atomic power co-operation, a single currency (for some), and a single market (the largest in the world!). Today the EU co-ordinates policy across a wide range of issues: justice and home affairs, regional development, industry and competitiveness, telecommunications, transport, research, education, health, youth, culture, agriculture, development aid and foreign policy.
The EU has also expanded geographically. It now comprises 27 members with more countries waiting in the wings to become members. Croatia, FYR Macedonia, Turkey, Iceland and Montenegro are candidates to join the EU.
The 27 Member States are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The UK joined in 1973.
The EU covers a land area of 4,324,782 km; has over 150,000 km of coastline; and a population of some 498 million people.